(1744-1818) - Wife of John Adams, 2nd President of the United States
and mother of John Quincy Adams, 6th President. Known for her letters
and opinions on society.
Addams (1860-1935) - Social Activist, founder of Hull House, charter
member of the NAACP, Nobel Peace Prize winner and labor union organizer.
May Alcott (1832-1888) - Seamstress, servant, teacher, Civil War
nurse, and finally, author and novelist.
Anderson (1902-1995) - First African American to sing leading role
with Metropolitan Opera, delegate to U.N.
Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) - Napoleon of the women's suffrage
movement, mother of the 19th Amendment, abolitionist.
Baker (1906-1975) - African-American international star, civil rights
activist, World War II heroine.
B. Wells Barnett (1862-1931) - African-American educator, newspaperwoman,
anti-lynching campaigner, founder NAACP.
Barton (1821-1912) - Civil War nurse, founder of the American Red
McLeod Bethune (1875-1955) African-American educator, founder of
Bethune-Cookman College, Daytona Beach, Florida, Presidential advisor,
recipient of Spingarn Medal.
Bolton (1841-1916) - Noted Cleveland author of biographies, poetry
and a temperance novel.
Bourke-White (1904-1971) - Groundbreaking photo-journalist and author
Elizabeth Bowser ( 1839-?) - African-American Union spy in the Confederate
Boyd (1844-1900) - Confederate spy during the Civil War.
"Molly" Tobin Brown (1867-1932) - Titanic survivor and
a woman who was determined to break the rules of "high society."
Bryant (1827-1907) - African-American founder of the The Cleveland
Home for Aged Colored People.
Burgess (Grant) (1839-1892) - Lighthouse keeper at Matinicus Rock
and Whitehead Light Stations in Maine, commissioned by U.S. Coast Guard.
Jane "Calamity Jane" Cannary (1852-1903) - A lone woman in the wilds
of the Rocky Mountain west
Carson (1907-1964) - Marine biologist, science writer, and environmentalist.
Carter (1766-1827) - Pioneer woman of Cleveland.
Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) African-American born pioneer journalist
Chapman Catt (1859-1947) - Suffragette, founder of the League of
L. Chadwick (1857-1907) - Most infamous Cleveland financial con-artist.
Coleman (1893-1926) - First African-American woman to get pilot's
Dandridge (1923-1965) - Actress, singer and dancer. Star of Carmen
Jones and Porgy and Bess.
Duncan (1875-1929) - Mother of modern dance.
Earhart (1897-1937) - Aviatrix.
Fields (1832?-1914) - African-American entrepreneur, stagecoach
Fletcher (circa 1830's) - Daughter of a former slave father and
Kiowa mother, activist, taught in black Cherokee school.
Fuldheim (1893-1989) - Jewish-American news journalist and television
broadcaster; developed format for television news programming.
Rudolph Garfield (1832-1918) - Wife of James Garfield, 20th President
of the United States was First Lady for six months when her husband
was assassinated. "Crete" returned home to Lawnfield in Mentor
where her life continued in a non-traditional way.
Watson George (1903-1994) - African-American delegate to the U.N.,
opera singer, speaker and educator.
Goldman (1869-1940) - Vilified in her day as the "most dangerous
woman in America," this Russian emigrant earned her title, “Queen
of the Anarchists” as labor leader, lecturer, writer, women’s
rights activist and free love advocate.
Boggs Dent Grant (1826-1902) - Wife of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President
of the United States, was a determined woman who despite family objections
married the man she loved. Outspoken, she also created her own plans
for ending the Civil War and holding a secret Presidential Inauguration.
Forten Grimke (1837-1890) - African-American writer, abolitionist
Lou Hamer (1917-1977) - African-American sharecropper turned civil
rights worker and founder of the MS Freedom Democratic Party.
Harding (1860-1924) - Wife of Warren Harding, 29th President of
the United States, the first presidential wife able to vote for her
husband. Scandal plagued this First Lady throughout her life.
Lavinia Scott Harrison (1832-1892) - Wife of Benjamin Harrison,
23rd President of the United States, was the first president-general
of the newly formed DAR. An accomplished watercolorist, she designed
and painted the Harrison state china and organized the White House china
Ware Webb Hayes (1831-1889) - Wife of Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th
President of the United States, was the first presidential wife to have
a college degree. She originated the annual Easter Egg Roll on the White
Hemings (1773-1835) - African American who sacrificed her freedom
from slavery for the love of President Thomas Jefferson.
Admiral Grace Hopper, USNR (1906-1992) - Computer pioneer and the
oldest officer in active duty when she retired in 1986.
Hopper (1890-1966) - In the golden age of Hollywood, Hedda could
make or break careers. Gossip was her business and J. Edgar Hoover was
Prentiss Hughes (1869-1950) - Founder of the Cleveland Orchestra
and Cleveland Music Settlement House.
Edna Hunter (1882-1971) - African-American social worker, attorney,
founder of Phyllis Wheatley Association of Cleveland.
Neale Hurston (1903-1960) - African-American writer from The Harlem
Group, influenced Toni Morrison and Alice Walker.
Hutchinson (1591-1643) – A Puritan woman who defied the male-dominated
Massachusetts Bay Colony and after banishment helped settle Rhode Island
and New York.
Jackson (1912-1972) - Extraordinary gospel singer and the first
African-American woman to gain national acclaim for gospel music.
Jackson ( 1795-1871) - African-American eldress of the Shaker sect.
Jacobs (1813-1897) - African-American escaped slave, author and
Mary Harris Jones (1837-1930) - Irish immigrant who lost her family
to yellow fever and became the self-proclaimed mother and “hell-raiser”
for the downtrodden American laborer, especially children.
Jones (1869-1933) - African-American international vocal prima donna
of late 19th century, favorite of George Bernard Shaw and several presidents.
Jordan (1936-1996) - African-American orator and Congresswoman.
Keckley (1820-?) Personal maid, best friend and confidant to Mary
Todd Lincoln. Wrote tell-all book after leaving Mrs. Lincoln's employ.
LaVeau (1796?-1863?) - African-American Voodoo Queen of New Orleans
and famous herbalist.
Lewis ( 1843-?) - First successful African-American sculptor.
Lewis (1842-1913) - Heroic lighthouse keeper of Rhode Island, commissioned
by U.S. Coast Guard.
Todd Lincoln (1818-1882) - Wife of President Abraham Lincoln, misrepresented
by popular history and maligned by her peers.
Lind (1820-1887) - Swedish international opera star, brought to
U.S. by P.T. Barnum in the 1850s.
Gordon Low (1860-1927) - Founder of the American Girl Scouts.
Boothe Luce (1903-1987) - Playwright, U.S. Congresswoman and ambassador
Mabrity (1782-1867) - Lighthouse keeper in Key West, Florida, commissioned
by U.S. Coast Guard.
Madison (1768-1849) - First Lady and doyen of Washington society
Mason (1818-1891) - Entrepreneur, one of first African-American
women to own land in California.
Agnes Mason (1867-1903) An Irish immigrant whose family came to America
in 1788 because of religious conflict.
Stone Mather (1852-1910) - Cleveland philanthropist, founder of
Flora Stone Mather college at Western Reserve University for women.
Sponsored Goodrich House for urban children.
Saxton McKinley (1847-1907) - Wife of William McKinley, 25th President
of the United States, developed a unique way of coping with her epileptic
seizures during her public appearances as First Lady.
Mitchell (1818-1889) - Astronomer and professor at Vassar College.
First female member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Nevelson (1899-1988) - Russian born New York sculptor famous for her
shadow box, wall sculptures and her flamboyant personality.
Oakley (1860-1926) - World famous markswoman from Ohio.
O'Keeffe (1887-1986) - Famed American artist who defied convention
in both her art and her private life.
Parsons (1893-1965) - Hollywood gossip columnist, who dominated Hollywood's
Golden Era. Louella's relationship with William Randoph Hearst and her
own three marriages made her life as stormy as any Hollywood movie.
Paul (1885-1977) - The woman who rescued the woman suffrage movement
(1910) and made sure women got the vote.
George (Hannah?) Peake (1755-18??) - First African-American settler
Pitcher (Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley) (1754-1832) - Born Mary Ludwig,
this revolutionary heroine followed the Continental Army for more than
3 years, doing what was needed to free the colonies from the tyranny
Anna Roosevelt (1884-1962) - Wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
first activist First Lady
Rouse (1799-1887) - Cleveland humanitarian, temperance advocate,
abolitionist, founder of Beech Brook.
Rudolph (1940-1994) - African-American Olympic Gold Medalist.
Bianco Salvatore (1900-1993) - Italian immigrant during the "Great
Wave" coming to America.
Sherwin (1868-1955) - Cleveland suffragist, President of League
of Women Voters, social reformer.
Skapes (1892-1968) - Immigrant from Greece, suffragette.
Smith (1894-1937) - African-American blues singer.
Snow (190?-1956) - African-American band leader and trumpet player.
Cady Stanton (1815-1902) First president of the National Woman's
Starr (1848-1889) - Confederate sympathizer and western frontierswoman
McKinney Steward (1848-1918) - First female African-American doctor
in New York State.
Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) - Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Sullivan (1866-1936) - Helen Keller's teacher.
Herron Taft (1861-1943) - Wife of William H. Taft, 27th President
of the United States, always longed to live in the White House. Known
for planting Washington D.C.’s legendary cherry trees.
King Taylor (1848-1912) - First African-American U.S. Army nurse
during the Civil War.
Church Terrell (1863-1954) - African-American lecturer, suffragette,
civil rights leader.
Truth (Isabella Baumfree) (1797-1883) - African-American abolitionist,
Civil War nurse, suffragette.
Tubman (1820?-1913) - Underground Railroad conductor, Army scout,
Van Lew (1818-1900) - Crazy Bet, an abolitionist in the South during
the Civil War, who feigned insanity to help free slaves and help the
Wakeman (1843-1864) - Posed as a male to serve in Union Army during
C.J. Walker (1867-1919) - African-American entrepreneur, millionaire
Mountain Walker (1900-1980) - African-American attorney, school
principal, actress at Karamu
Walker (1846-1931) - Lighthouse keeper at Robin's Reef, New York,
commissioned by U.S. Coast Guard.
Edwards Walker (1832-1919) - Prisoner of war during the Civil War,
writer, doctor, fashion trend-setter and the only female to receive
the Medal of Honor.
West (1892-1980) First to earn a million dollars in the movie business.
Wheatley (175?-1784) - First noted African-American woman poet.
Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957) - Famed children’s author and “storyteller
of the prairie.”
Woodhull (1838-1927) - First woman to run for President, center
of a scandal that rocked the nation.
[Profiles of Actresses]
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